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pre 1900 formulations
1900 to 1949 formulations
1950 to 1999 formulations
2000 to 2009 formulations
Spiral formulations
3 dimensional formulations
Data mapping periodic tables
Miscellaneous periodic tables
Books and reviews
non-chemistry periodic tables
All periodic tables

The INTERNET Database of Periodic Tables


There are hundreds of periodic tables in web space, but there is only one comprehensive database of periodic tables & periodic system formulations. If you know of an interesting periodic table that is missing, please contact the database curator: Dr Mark R Leach.

pre 1900 formulations 1900 to 1949 formulations 1950 to 1999 formulations 2000 to 2009 formulations Spiral formulations 3 dimensional formulations
Data mapping periodic tables Miscellaneous periodic tables Books and reviews non-chemistry periodic tables All periodic tables

Books & Reviews about the Periodic Table of the Elements, by date:

1934     Quam & Quam's Graphical Representations of The Elements
1969     van Spronsen's The Periodic System of Chemical Elements: A History of the First Hundred Years
1974     Edward Mazurs' Graphical Representations of The Periodic System During 100 Years
1975     Primo Levi's Elements
1996     Elements & Atoms: Case Studies in the Development of Chemistry
1996     Concept of Chemical Periodicity
1999     Dave Trapp' Development of the Periodic Chart
2004     Rouvray & King's The Periodic Table: Into the 21st Century
2004     Peter van der Krogt's Elementymology & Elements Multidict
2006     Henry Bent's Exploration into Janet's Left-Step Formulation
2006     Eric Scerri's The Periodic Table & Its Significance
2008     Radio Show "The Music of Matter"
2008     Allperiodictables.com
2008     Chemistry In Its Element
2008     Elements Unearthed
2008     Braille Guidebook Interactive Periodic Table Study Set
2008     Mathematical Formulas Describing the Sequences of the Periodic Table
2009     Selected Papers on The Periodic Table by Eric Scerri
2009     The Elements by Theo Gray
2009     Graphic Representations of the Periodic System
2010     Periodic Table Videos: Before & After Mendeleev
2010     Disappearing Spoon
2010     Rare Earths in the Periodic Table
2011     Curious Lives of the Elements: Periodic Tales
2011     Dufour's Periodic Tree: Two Short Films
2011     Scerri's Very Short Introduction To The Periodic Table
2012     Eric Scerri.com
2012     A Tale of 7 Elements
2012     Books on the Chemical Elements and the Periodic Table/System
2012     Eric Scerri's Lecture on The Periodic Table
2012     Wonderful Life with the Elements
2012     Scientific American: The Quest for the Periodic Table
2013     Electronegativity Chart (Leach)
2013     30 Second Elements
2013     From Periodic Properties to a Periodic Table Arrangement
2013     Twitter @periodic_table
2013     Top 10 Periodic Tables
2014     Rogue Elements: What's Wrong with the Periodic Table
2015     Elements: A Series of Business Radio Programs/Podcasts
2015     Oliver Sacks' Table of Elements
2015     Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements
2017     Habashi Book: The Periodic Table & Mendeleev


1934

Quam & Quam's Graphical Representations of The Elements

Short Periodic Tables.pdf
Medium Periodic Tables.pdf
Spiral, Helical & Misc Periodic Tables.pdf

  • Mendeléeff's Table (their spelling, 1872)
  • Brauner's Table (1902)
  • Rydberg Table (1913)
  • Periodic Chart by Quam (1934)
  • Rang's Periodic Table (1893)
  • Werner's Periodic Table (1905)
  • Courtines' Periodic Classification (1925)
  • Bayley's Periodic System (1882)
  • Adam's Periodic Chart (1911)
  • Margary's Periodic Table (1921)
  • Stareck's Natural Periodic System (1932)
  • Baumhauer's Spiral (1870)
  • Erdmann's Spiral Table (1902)
  • Nodder's Periodic Table (1920)
  • Partington's Periodic Arrangements of the Elements (1920)
  • Janet's Helicodial Classification (1929)
  • The Telluric Screw (1863)
  • Crookes' Periodic Table model (1898)
  • Emerson's Helix (1911)
  • Periodic Table by Harkins and Hall (1916)
  • Schaltenbrand's Periodic Table (1920)
  • Rixon's Diagram of the Periodic Table (1933)
  • Spring's Diagram (1881)
  • Flavitzky's Arrangement (1887)
  • Stephenson's Statistical Periodic Table (1929)
  • Friend's Periodic System (1927)
  • Many others, including: Vogel (1918), Stintzing (1916) and Caswell (1929) are discribed without the benefit diagrams.

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1969

van Spronsen's The Periodic System of Chemical Elements: A History of the First Hundred Years

J. W. van Spronsen, The Periodic System of Chemical Elements: A History of the First Hundred Years, Elsevier 1969

This book gives a good review and discussion of periodic table formulations. Anybody who is seriously interested in periodic table formulations will want to see/read/own this book.

very short introduction

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1974

Edward Mazurs' Graphical Representations of The Periodic System During 100 Years

Edward Mazurs, Graphical Representations of The Periodic System During 100 Years, University of Alabama Press, 1974.

This book gives a very full analysis and classification of periodic table formulations. Most of the formulations are redrawn. However, anybody who is seriously interested in periodic table formulations will want to see/read/own this book.

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1975

Primo Levi's Elements

Primo Levi's elements, from his book The Periodic Table:



Thanks to Eric Scerri for the tip!
See the website EricScerri.com and Eric's Twitter Feed

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1996

Elements & Atoms: Case Studies in the Development of Chemistry

Carmen Giunta of Le Moyne College Department of Chemistry has collected many of the original papers plus commentary dealing with eighteenth and nineteenth century science in a web book called Elements and Atoms: Case Studies in the Development of Chemistry. This web resource is highly recommended:

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1996

Concept of Chemical Periodicity

Concept of Chemical Periodicity: from Mendeleev Table to Molecular Hyper-Periodicity Patterns E. V. Babaev and Ray Hefferlin

The paper "The Concepts of Periodicity and Hyper-Periodicity: from Atoms to Molecules" was published as a the book: Concepts in Chemistry: a Contemporary Challenge. (Ed. D.Rouvray). Research Studies Press, London, 1996, pp. 24-81.

The website, here, is the original text of this paper (copyright by the authors).

The text deals with periodicity in isotopes, atoms and materials.

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1999

Dave Trapp' Development of the Periodic Chart

Dave Trapp has an excellent discussion of the development of the periodic table on his Development of the Periodic Chart pages, part of his Sequim Science web site.

Dave Trapp also has a web site dealing with the origin of the names of the elements:

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2004

Rouvray & King's The Periodic Table: Into the 21st Century

D. H Rouvray and R. B. King (ed.), The Periodic Table: Into the 21st Century, Research Studies Press 2004.

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2004

Peter van der Krogt's Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Peter van der Krogt's Elementymology & Elements Multidict, the web site for element names, origins (etymology) of element names and translations into other languages.

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2006

Henry Bent's Exploration into Janet's Left-Step Formulation

Henry Ben't detailed exploration into the Left-Step formulation of the periodic table is available as a book:

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2006

Eric Scerri's The Periodic Table & Its Significance

Eric Scerri, The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance, Oxford University Press, 2006. Read an interview with the author, here, and a review of the book here.

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2008

Periodic Table Radio Show "The Music of Matter"

Periodic Table Radio Show "The Music of Matter" featuring John Emsley, Oliver Sacks & Eric Scerri

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2008

Allperiodictables.com

Roy Alexander, inventor of the "Desk-Topper" 3-dimensional formulation has developed a rich periodic table resource.. available at Allperiodictables.com.

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2008

Chemistry In Its Element

Introducing Chemistry in its element, a tour of the periodic table.

A leading scientist or author tells the stories behind the elements in a five minute podcast.

Podcasts to Download:

etc...

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2008

Elements Unearthed

The Elements Unearthed is a blog by David V Black concerning "Our Discovery and Usage of the Chemical Elements".

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2008

Braille Guidebook Interactive Periodic Table Study Set

Azer's Interactive Periodic Table Study Set is designed to make learning about the Periodic Table of the Elements accessible to students with visual impairments or blindness.

The tangible materials included with this study set complement APH's Periodic Table of the Elements Reference Chart and allow students to enhance their understanding of concepts consistent with the National Science Standards.

Inspired by Samir Azer, a science teacher at the Kentucky School for the Blind, this set can assist in the instruction and demonstration of concepts related to the arrangement of the periodic table, atomic structure, ionic and covalent bonding, and balancing of chemical equations to students who benefit from a hands-on, interactive model.

Special attention was given to make the materials tactually discriminable and visually appealing to the target population, yet appropriate for all students regardless of visual acuity:

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2008

Mathematical Formulas Describing the Sequences of the Periodic Table

Mathematical formulas describing all of the sequences of the chemical elements are derived from double tetrahedron face-centered cubic lattice model. More here.

J. Garai, Department of Earth Sciences, Florida International University. International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, Vol 108, 667–670 (2008):

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2009

Selected Papers on The Periodic Table by Eric Scerri

Edited by Eric Scerri (University of California, Los Angeles, USA)

Published by: Imperial College Press in London

The book contains key articles by Eric Scerri, the leading authority on the history and philosophy of the periodic table of the elements. These articles explore a range of topics such as the historical evolution of the periodic system as well as its philosophical status and its relationship to modern quantum physics. In this present volume, many of the more in-depth research papers, which formed the basis for this publication, are presented in their entirety; they have also been published in highly accessible science magazines (such as American Scientist), and journals in history and philosophy of science, as well as quantum chemistry. This must-have publication is completely unique as there is nothing of this form currently available on the market.

Contents:

  • Chemistry, Spectroscopy, and the Question of Reduction
  • The Electronic Configuration Model, Quantum Mechanics and Reduction
  • The Periodic Table and the Electron
  • How Good is the Quantum Mechanical Explanation of the Periodic System
  • Prediction and the Periodic Table
  • Löwdin's Remarks on the Aufbau Principle and a Philosopher's View of Ab Initio Quantum Chemistry
  • Mendeleev's Legacy
  • The Role of Triads in the Evolution of the Periodic Table: Past and Present
  • The Past and Future of the Periodic Table
  • The Dual Sense of the Term "Elements", Attempts to Derive the Madelung Rule, and the Optimal Form of the Periodic Table, If Any


Readership: Academic readers: philosophers and science historians, science educators, chemists and physicists.
200pp (approx.) Pub. date: Scheduled Fall 2009

200pp (approx.) Pub. date: Scheduled Fall 2009
ISBN 978-1-84816-425-3
1-84816-425-4 US$88 / £66

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2009

The Elements by Theo Gray

As Theo (modestly... ) says:

"Much anticipated (by me at least), this is the definitive be-all, end-all book of the elements. Like my poster, it contains beautiful photographs of all the chemical elements, shining out from a deep black background. But unlike my poster, it's not limited to just one picture per element. Instead each element gets a whole 2-page spread. At 10" x 20" (25cm x 50cm), each spread is as large as the whole place mat version of my poster! And several of the more popular elements even get two spreads. There are literally hundreds and hundreds of photos in this book, nearly all of them taken by myself and my co-author Nick Mann of objects in my collection."

Read more here.

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2009

Graphic Representations of the Periodic System

Mary E. Saecker writes an article in Chemical Education Digital Library, Periodic Table Presentations and Inspirations: Graphic Representations of the Periodic System, that reviews some periodic table formunations.

The paper contains a link to this pdf file which gives templates and instructions for several print, cut-out & build periodic table formulations:

Supplement to: Periodic Table Presentations and Inspirations by Mary E. Saecker, J. Chem. Educ., 2009, 86, 1151.

Construction Directions A Cut-Out Chart of the Periodic System (Periodic Table Cylinder)

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2010

Periodic Table Videos: Before & After Mendeleev

Two videos by the Chemical Heritage Foundation: Part 1 Before Mendeleev and Part 2 Mendeleeve & Beyond.

The videos feature interviews with Dr. Eric Scerri of UCLA, with added narration, animations, illustrations, photos, captions, etc. by David V. Black as well as publication artwork and notes by Edward G. Mazurs. Part 1 covers the events leading up to Mendeleev’s invention of the periodic table including the work of several precursors such as de Chancourtois, Newlands, Odling, Hinrichs, and Meyer. The second part covers Mendeleev’s working out of his periodic system and the work of his successors, as well as some interesting questions such as whether the periodic table can be entirely deduced from quantum mechanics and the mystery of the Knight’s Move pattern of properties. Part 1 is 17 minutes long and Part 2 is just under 20 minutes.



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2010

Disappearing Spoon

The Disappearing Spoon is a 2010 book by Sam Kean:

"The Periodic Table is one of our crowning scientific achievements, but it’s also a treasure trove of passion, adventure, betrayal, and obsession. The fascinating tales in The Disappearing Spoon follow carbon, neon, silicon, gold, and every single element on the table as they play out their parts in human history, finance, mythology, conflict, the arts, medicine, and the lives of the (frequently) mad scientists who discovered them: Why did a little lithium help cure poet Robert Lowell of his madness? And how did Gallium (Ga, 31) become the go-to element for laboratory pranksters?"

"The Disappearing Spoon has the answers, fusing science with the classic lore of invention, investigation, discovery, and alchemy, from the Big Bang through the end of time."

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2010

Rare Earths in the Periodic Table

CRC Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Chapter 248. Accommodation of the Rare Earths in the Periodic Table: A Historical Analysis by Pieter Thyssen and Koen Binnemans (ISBN: 978-0-444-53590-0):

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2011

Curious Lives of the Elements: Periodic Tales

Periodic Tales: The Curious Lives of the Elements by Hugh Aldersey-Williams and published by Viking, ISBN: 9780670918119.

Everything is made of them, from the furthest reaches of the universe to this book that you hold in your hands, including you.

Like you, the elements have lives: personalities and attitudes, talents and shortcomings, stories rich with meaning. You may think of them as the inscrutable letters of the periodic table but you know them much better than you realise.

Welcome to a dazzling tour through history and literature, science and art. Here you'll meet iron that rains from the heavens and noble gases that light the way to vice. You'll learn how lead can tell your future while zinc may one day line your coffin. You'll discover what connects the bones in your body with the Whitehouse in Washington, the glow of a streetlamp with the salt on your dinner table.

From ancient civilisations to contemporary culture, from the oxygen of publicity to the phosphorus in your pee, the elements are near and far and all around us. Unlocking their astonishing secrets and colourful pasts, Periodic Tales will take you on a voyage of wonder and discovery, excitement and novelty, beauty and truth. Along the way, you'll find that their stories are our stories, and their lives are inextricable from our own.

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2011

Dufour's Periodic Tree: Two Short Films

Elsewhere in this database we can see the 1990 Dufour's Periodic Tree, now two short films have been made about this 3D formulation, here & here:

 

Thanks to Eric Scerri for the tip!
See the website EricScerri.com and Eric's Twitter Feed.

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2011

Scerri's Very Short Introduction To The Periodic Table

A book by Eric Scerri, The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction.

  • Considers the fundamental nature of the periodic table to the physical sciences
  • Explores the history of the discovery of trends among elements, to the construction of various forms of the table, and the growth of understanding of its meaning
  • Touches on key ideas about both early atomic theory and quantum mechanics, showing how they have proved key to the meaning of the table
  • Ideal for those who are curious to learn more about the periodic table and essential for any student of physics and chemistry
  • Part of the Very Short Introduction series - over three million copies sold worldwide:

very short introduction

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2012

Eric Scerri.com

ericscerri.com is the personal internet domain and website of Eric Scerri: chemist and leading philosopher of science specializing in the history and philosophy of the periodic table. He is founder and editor-in-chief of the international journal Foundations of Chemistry, which publishes academic papers concerned with the PT, and is the author of the respected book: The Periodic Table and Its Significance (Oxford University Press, 2007).

The website has links to all of Eric's extensive publications, including online video lectures and interviews and external links.

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2012

A Tale of 7 Elements

A new book by Eric Scerri: A Tale of 7 Elements about seven 'missing' elements: protactinium, hafnium, rhenium, technetium, francium, astatine, promethium:

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2012

Books on the Chemical Elements and the Periodic Table/System

From Eric Scerri's forthcoming book A Tale of Seven Elements (Oxford University Press, 2013) and used by permission of the author, is the most complete and up-to-date list of Books on the Chemical Elements and the Periodic Table/System, including some titles in foreign languages.

Additional books in other languages can be found listed in Mazurs, 1974

  • H. Alderesey-Williams, Periodic Tales, Viking Press, 2011
  • N.P. Agafoshin, Ley Periódica y Sistema Periódico de los Elementos de Mendeleiev, Ed. Reverté S.A., Barcelona, 1977
  • I. Asimov, The Building Blocks of the Universe, Lancer Books, New York, 1966
  • P.W. Atkins, The Periodic Kingdom, Basic Books, New York, NY, 1995
  • O. Baca Mendoza, Leyes Geneticas de los Elementos Quimicos. Nuevo Sistema Periodico, Universidad Nacional de Cuzco, Cuzco, Peru, 1953
  • P. Ball, A Guided Tour of the Ingredients, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2002
  • P. Ball, A Very Short Introduction to the Elements, Oxford University Press, 2004
  • I. Barber, Sorting The Elements: The Periodic Table at Work, Rourke Publishing, Vero Beach, Florida, US, 2008
  • R. Baum (ed), Celebrating the Periodic Table, Chemical & Engineering News, A Special Collector's Issue, September 8, 2003
  • H.A. Bent, New Ideas in Chemistry from Fresh Energy for the Periodic Law, Author House, Bloomington IN, 2006
  • J. Bernstein, Plutonium, Joseph Henry, Washington DC, 2007
  • J. C.A. Boeyens, D.C. Lavendis, Number Theory and the Periodicity of Matter, Springer, Berlin, 2008
  • N. Bohr, Collected Works Vol 4. The Periodic System (1920-1923), Nielsen J Rud (Editor), North Holland Publishing Company, 1977
  • T. Bondora, The Periodic Table of Elements Coloring Book, Bondora Educational Media Publications, 2010
  • D.G. Cooper, The Periodic Table, 3rd edition. Butterworths, London, 1964
  • P.A. Cox, The Elements, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989
  • P. Depovere, La Classification périodique des éléments, De Boeck, Bruxelles, 2002
  • H. Dingle and G.R. Martin, Chemistry and Beyond: Collected Essays of F.A. Paneth, Interscience, New York, NY, 1964
  • S. Dockx, Theorie Fondamentale du Systeme Periodique des Elements, Office Internationale de Librairie, Bruxelles, 1950
  • A. Ducrocq, Les éléments au pouvoir, Julliard, Paris, 1976
  • A. Ede, The Chemical Elements, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 2006
  • J. Emsley, The Elements, 3rd edition. Clarendon, Oxford University Press, 1998
  • J. Emsley, Nature's Building Blocks, An A-Z Guide to the Elements, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001
  • P. Enghag, Encyclopedia of the Elements, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004
  • D.E. Fisher, Much Ado About (Practically) Nothing, The History of the Noble Gases, Oxford University Press, New York, 2010
  • I. Freund, The Study of Chemical Composition: An Account of its Method and Historical Development, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, NY, 1968
  • J. García-Sancho & F. Ortega-Chicote, Periodicidad Química, Trillas, México, 1984
  • A. E. Garrett, The Periodic Law, D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1909
  • L. Garzon Ruiperez, De Mendeleiev a Los Superelementos, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, 1988
  • L. Gonik, C. Criddle, The Cartoon Guide to Chemistry, Harper Resource, New York, 2005
  • M. Gordin, A Well-Ordered Thing, Dimitrii Mendeleev and the Shadow of the Periodic Table, Basic Books, New York, 2004
  • T. Gray, The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe, Black Dog & Leventhal, 2009
  • D. Green, The Elements, The Building Blocks of the Universe, Scholastic Inc. New York, 2012
  • R. Hefferlin, Periodic Systems and their Relation to the Systematic Analysis of Molecular Data, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, NY, 1989
  • D.L. Heiserman, Exploring the Chemical Elements and their Compounds, McGraw-Hill New York, 1991
  • S. Hofmann, Beyond Uranium, Taylor & Francis, London, 2002
  • F. Hund, Linienspektren und Periodisches System der Elemente, Verlag von Julius Springer, Berlin, 1927
  • W.B. Jensen, Mendeleev on the Periodic Law: Selected Writings, 1869-1905, Dover, Mineola, NY, 2005
  • S. Kean, The Disappearing Spoon, Little, Brown & Co., New York, 2010
  • D.M. Knight, Classical Scientific Papers, Chemistry Second Series, American, Elsevier, New York, NY
  • P.K. Kuroda, The Origin of the Chemical Elements, and the Oklo Phenomenon, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982
  • H.M. Leicester and H.S. Klickstein, A Source Book in Chemistry 1400-1900, 1st Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., London, 1952
  • M.F. L'Annunziata, Radioactivity, Introduction and History, Elsevier, 2007
  • S.E.V. Lemus, Clasificación periódica de Mendelejew, Guatemalan Ministry of Public Education, Guatemala, 1959
  • P. Levi, The Periodic Table, 1st American Edition. Schocken Books, New York, NY, 1984
  • R. Luft, Dictionnaire des Corps Simples de la Chimie, Association Cultures et Techniques, Nantes, 1997
  • J. Marshall, Discovery of the Elements, Pearson Custom Publishing, 1998
  • E. Mazurs, Graphic Representation of the Periodic System During One Hundred Years, Alabama University Press, Tuscaloosa, AL, 1974
  • D. Mendeleeff, An Attempt Towards A Chemical Conception of the Ether, translated by G. Kamensky. Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1904
  • D. Mendeleeff, The Principles of Chemistry, translated by G. Kamensky, 5th Edition, vol. 2. Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1891
  • L. Meyer, Modern Theories of Chemistry, 5th Edition, translated by P.P. Bedson, Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1888
  • L. Meyer, Outlines of Theoretical Chemistry, 2nd Edition, translated by P.P. Bedson and W.C. William. Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1899
  • F. Mohr, (E), Gold Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, 2009
  • D. Morris, The Last Sorcerers, The Path from Alchemy to the Periodic Table, Joseph Henry Press, New York, 2003
  • I. Nechaev, G.W. Jenkins, The Chemical Elements, Tarquin Publications, Norfolk, UK, 1997
  • R.D. Osorio Giraldo, M.V. Alzate Cano, La Tabla Periodica, Bogota, Colombia, 2010
  • M.J. Pentz, (General Editor), The Periodic Table and Chemical Bonding, Open University Press, Bletchley, Buckinghamshire, UK, 1971
  • I.V. Peryanov, D.N. Trifonov, Elementary Order: Mendeleev's Periodic System, translated from the Russian by Nicholas Weinstein, Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1984
  • J.S.F. Pode, The Periodic Table, John Wiley, New York, NY, 1971
  • R.J. Puddephatt, The Periodic Table of the Elements, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1972
  • R.J. Puddephatt and P.K. Monaghan, The Periodic Table of the Elements, 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1986
  • H.-J. Quadbeck-Seeger, World of the Elements, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2007
  • E. Rabinowitsch, E. Thilo, Periodisches System, Geschichte und Theorie, Stuttgart, 1930
  • R. Rich, Periodic Correlations, Benjamin, New York, 1965
  • J. Ridgen, Hydrogen, The Essential Element, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
  • H. Rossotti, Diverse Atoms, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998
  • D.H. Rouvray, R.B. King, The Periodic Table Into the 21st Century, Research Studies Press, Baldock, UK, 2004
  • D.H. Rouvray, R.B. King, The Mathematics of the Periodic Table, Nova Scientific Publishers, New York, 2006
  • G. Rudorf, The Periodic Classification and the Problem of Chemical Evolution, Whittaker & Co., London, New York, 1900
  • G. Rudorf, Das periodische System, seine Geschichte und Bedeutung für die chemische Sysytematik, Hamburg-Leipzig, 1904
  • O. Sacks, Uncle Tungsten, Vintage Books, New York, 2001
  • R.T. Sanderson, Periodic Table of the Chemical Elements, School Technical Publishers, Ann Arbor, MI, 1971
  • S. E. Santos, La Historia del Sistema Periodico, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, 2009
  • E.R. Scerri, The Periodic Table, Its Story and Its Significance, Oxford University Press, New York, 2007
  • E.R. Scerri, Selected Papers on the Periodic Table, Imperial College Press, London and Singapore, 2009
  • E.R. Scerri, A Very Short Introduction to the Periodic Table, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011; Also translated into Spanish and Arabic.
  • E.R. Scerri, Le Tableau Périodique, Son Histoire et sa Signification, EDP Sciences, 2011, (translated by R. Luft); Japanese Translation by Hisao Mabuchi et. al.
  • C. Schmidt, Das periodische System der chemischen Elementen, Leipzig, 1917.
  • G.T. Seaborg, W.D. Loveland, The Elements Beyond Uranium, Wiley, New York, 1990
  • M.S. Sethi, M. Satake, Periodic Tables and Periodic Properties, Discovery Publishing House, Delhi, India, 1992
  • H.H. Sisler, Electronic Structure, Properties, and the Periodic Law, Reinhold, New York, 1963
  • P. Strathern, Mendeleyev's Dream, Hamish-Hamilton, London, 1999
  • R.S. Timmreck, The Power of the Periodic Table, Royal Palm Publishing, 1991
  • M. Tweed, Essential Elements, Walker and Company, New York, 2003
  • F.P. Venable, The Development of the Periodic Law, Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA, 1896
  • M.E. Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, Journal of Chemical Education, Easton PA, 1960
  • B.D. Wilker, The Mystery of the Periodic Table, Bethlehem Books, New York, 2003
  • J. Van Spronsen, The Periodic System of the Chemical Elements, A History of the First Hundred Years, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1969
  • T. Zoellner, Uranium, Penguin Books, London, 2009
  • A. Zwertska, The Elements, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998

Works by D. I. Mendeleev

  • Nauchnyi arkhiv. Periodicheskii zakon, t. I, ed. B. M. Kedrov. Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1953
  • Periodicheskii zakon. Dopolnitel'nye materialy. Klassiki nauki, ed. B. M. Kedrov. Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1960
  • Periodicheskii zakon. Klassiki nauki, ed. B. M. Kedrov. Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1958

 

Thanks to Eric Scerri for the tip!
See the website EricScerri.com and Eric's Twitter Feed.

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2012

Eric Scerri's Lecture on The Periodic Table

A lecture by Eric Scerri at the Oscar Peterson auditorium of Concordia University, in Montreal.

The topic is the history and iconic nature of the Periodic Table, in high quality video, about one hour:

Thanks to Eric Scerri for the tip!
See the website EricScerri.com and Eric's Twitter Feed.

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2012

Wonderful Life with the Elements

From the Japanese artist Bunpei Yorifuji comes Wonderful Life with the Elements, an illustrated guide to the periodic table that gives chemistry a friendly face, available from Amazon.

In this super periodic table, every element is a unique character whose properties are represented visually: heavy elements are fat, man-made elements are robots, and noble gases sport impressive afros. Every detail is significant, from the length of an element's beard to the clothes on its back. You'll also learn about each element's discovery, its common uses, and other vital stats like whether it floats—or explodes—in water.

There is also a full review with more images from Wired.

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2012

Scientific American: The Quest for the Periodic Table

From Scientific American, a series of original articles (scanned) dealing with the development of the periodic table dating from 1861 to 1998.

Edited by Eric Scerri.

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2013

Electronegativity Chart (Leach)

From Mark R Leach's paper, Concerning electronegativity as a basic elemental property and why the periodic table is usually represented in its medium form, Journal & PDF.

Due to the importance of Pauling's electronegativity scale, as published in The Nature of The Chemical Bond (1960), where electronegativity ranges from Cs 0.7 to F 4.0, all the other electronegativity scales are routinely normalised with respect to Pauling's range.

When the Pauling, Revised Pauling, Mulliken, Sanderson and Allred-Rochow electronegativity scales are plotted together against atomic number, Z, the similarity of the data can be observed. The solid line shows the averaged data:

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2013

30 Second Elements

30 Second Elements The 50 most significant elements, each explained in half a minute. A book Edited by Eric Scerri and published by Ivy Press.

"30 Second Elements presents you with the foundations of chemical knowledge, distilling the 50 most significant chemical elements into half-a-minute individual entries, using nothing more than two pages, 300 words and one picture. Divided into seven chapters, it includes the atomic details of the other 68 elements and the relationships of all 118, as well as biographies of the chemists who transformed scientific knowledge and unlocked the mysteries of life itself. Illustrated with explosive graphics, here is the quickest way to know your arsenic from your europium".

The curator of this website is a contributor:

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2013

From Periodic Properties to a Periodic Table Arrangement

A paper in J.Chem. Ed.: From Periodic Properties to a Periodic Table Arrangement

Emili Besalú, Departament de Química i Institut de Química Computacional i Catàlisis, Universitat de Girona, C/Maria Aurèlia Capmany, 69, 17071 Girona, Catalonia, Spain.

J. Chem. Educ., 2013, 90 (8), pp 1009–1013 DOI: 10.1021/ed3004534 Publication Date (Web)

"A periodic table is constructed from the consideration of periodic properties and the application of the principal components analysis technique. This procedure is useful for objects classification and data reduction and has been used in the field of chemistry for many applications, such as lanthanides, molecules, or conformers classification. From the information given, the whole procedure can be reproduced by any interested reader having a basic background in statistics and with the help of the supplementary material provided. Intermediate calculations are instructive because they quantify several concepts the students know only at a qualitative level. The final scores representation reveals an unexpected periodic table presenting some interesting features and points for discussion."

<From Periodic Properties to a Periodic Table Arrangement>

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2013

Twitter @periodic_table

The Twitter feed from Mark Winter of WebElements:

Fictional Elements

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2013

Top 10 Periodic Tables

There are more than 600 periodic tables hosted by the Chemogenesis Webbook Periodic Table database, so it can be a little difficult to find the exceptional ones.

Here we present – in our humble opinionThe ten most significant periodic tables in the database.

We present the best:

  • Three best data rich periodic tables
  • Five formulations which show the development of the modern PT
  • One, of many, interesting alternative formulations
  • One example of the periodic table being used as an infographic template

Three Excellent, Data Rich Periodic Tables

The first three of our top 10 periodic tables are classic element data repositories.

They all work in the same way: click on the element symbol to get data/information about the selected element. The three are Mark Winter's WebElements, Theo Gray's Photographic Periodic Table & Michael Dayah's Ptable.

  • Since 1993 – and with its rather bland interface – WebElements has given access to vast quantities of in depth chemical data & information. This is the professional chemist's periodic table:

<Web Elements>

  • Theo Gray's Photographic Periodic Table is undoubtedly the most attractive PT available in web space, but there is more. Clicking around the website gives access to a host of information, pictures & anecdotes from Theo's extraordinary and extensive collection of chemical elements:

Photographic Periodic Table

  • Ptable has a super-slick, and very fast interface. It is data/information rich and is available in 50 languages:

Ptable


Five Formulations Showing The History & Development

The next five examples deal with history and development Periodic Table. The first is Dalton's 1808 list of elements, next is Mendeleev's 1869 Tabelle I, then Werner's remarkably modern looking 1905 formulation. This is followed by Janet's Left Step formulation and then a discussion of how and why the commonly used medium form PT formulation, is constructed.

<Eight-Group Periodic Table>

Mendeleev's Tabelle I

  • Werner's 1905 Periodic Table is remarkably modern looking. The formulation is a long form that separates transition metals and rare earths, but he guessed wrong on how many existed:

Werner's 1905 Periodic Table

  • Janet's Left Step formulation of 1928 is one for the purists as it clearly shows the chemical elements arranged into s, p, d & f-blocks of the recently developed quantum mechanical description of atomic structure:

Janet's Left Step

  • The modern (and commonly employed) periodic table is obtained by transforming Janet's Left Step into the modern long form periodic table by rearranging the blocks around. This transformational mapping is discussed in some detail here.

    The long form and medium form PTs have electronegativity trending from top-right (electronegative) to bottom left (electropositive), and many aspects of periodicity corollate with electronegativity: atomic radius, first ionisation energy, etc.

    Thus, the long form and medium form periodic tables are commonly used in the classroom:

modern (and commonly employed) periodic table

electronegativity periodic table


An Alternative Formulation

The internet database contains many, many alternative formulations, and these are often spiral and/or three dimensional. These exemplified by the 1965 Alexander DeskTopper Arrangement. To see the variety of formulations available, check out the Spiral & Helical and 3-Dimensional formulations in the database:

Alexander DeskTopper Arrangement


Non-Chemistry PTs

The periodic table as a motif is a useful and commonly used infographic template for arranging many types of object with, from 50 to 150 members.

There are numerous examples in the Non-Chemistry section where dozens of completely random representations can be found:

Non-Chemistry Periodic Table

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2014

Rogue Elements: What's Wrong with the Periodic Table

An article in New Scientist by Celeste Biever (news editor at Nature), Image by Martin Reznik

Weights gone awry, elements changing position, the ructions of relativity – chemistry's iconic chart is far from stable, and no one knows where it will end

IF IMITATION is the sincerest form of flattery, the periodic table has many true admirers. Typefaces, types of meat and even the Muppets have been ordered in its image. For chemists, knowing an element's position in the periodic table, and the company it keeps, is still the most reliable indicator of its properties – and a precious guide in the search for new substances. "It rivals Darwin's Origin of Species in terms of the impact of bringing order out of chaos," says Peter Edwards of the University of Oxford.

The origins of the periodic table lie in the 19th century, when chemists noticed that patterns began to emerge among the known chemical elements when they... click here to continue:

What's wrong

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2015

Elements: A Series of Business Radio Programs/Podcasts

A series of BBC World Service Radio Programs, available as MP3 Podcasts, talking about the chemical elements with a strong business/technology bias, rather than the more usual chemical or historical approach:

Quantum Fold Periodic Table

Thanks to Marcus Lynch for the tip!

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2015

Oliver Sacks' Table of Elements

From Radiolab (a podcast):

"As a young boy, neurologist, author and Radiolab favorite Oliver Sacks pored over the pages of the Handbook of Physics and Chemistry, fantasizing about the day that he, like the shy gas Xenon, would find a companion with whom to connect and share. That companion turned out to be the Periodic Table of the Elements itself, a relationship he's never outgrown. He introduces us to the elements that he's known and loved."

Oliver Sacks

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2015

Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements

The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements is a multimedia project about one of the great adventures in the history of science: the long (and continuing) quest to understand what the world is made of – to identify, understand and organize the basic building blocks of matter. In a nutshell, the project is about the human story behind the Periodic Table of the Elements.

The centerpiece of the project is a three-hour series that premieres Aug. 19, 2015 on PBS. The Mystery of Matter introduces viewers to some of history’s most extraordinary scientists:

  • Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier, whose discovery of oxygen—and radical interpretation of it—led to the modern science of chemistry
  • Humphry Davy, who made electricity a powerful new tool in the search for elements
  • Dmitri Mendeleev, whose Periodic Table brought order to the growing gaggle of elements
  • Marie Curie, whose groundbreaking research on radioactivity cracked open a window into the atom
  • Henry Moseley, whose investigation of atomic number redefined the Periodic Table
  • Glenn Seaborg, whose discovery of plutonium opened up a whole new realm of elements, still being explored today.

The Mystery of Matter will show not only what these scientific explorers discovered but also how, using actors to reveal the creative process through the scientists’ own words, and conveying their landmark discoveries through re-enactments shot with replicas of their original lab equipment. Knitting these strands together into a coherent, compelling whole is host Michael Emerson, a two-time Emmy Award-winning actor best known for his roles on Lost and Person of Interest. Eric Scerri appears as the expert.

Other Discoverers from The Mystery of Matter on Vimeo.

Thanks to Eric Scerri for the tip!
See the website EricScerri.com and Eric's Twitter Feed

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2017

Habashi Book: The Periodic Table & Mendeleev

By Fathi Habashi, a small book:

Courtines 3D PT

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pre 1900 formulations 1900 to 1949 formulations 1950 to 1999 formulations 2000 to 2009 formulations Spiral formulations 3 dimensional formulations
Data mapping periodic tables Miscellaneous periodic tables Books and reviews non-chemistry periodic tables All periodic tables

 

 


Periodic Table, What is it showing?
Binary Compounds

© Mark R. Leach 1999-


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